Is vanilla farming profitable?
Vanilla is valued all over the world for its profitability and it’s extract is the second most valuable spice (after saffron) and is the world’s most popular flavor. One can earn 6 thousand dollars of a meter, $60 million per hectare, or 1.5 billion UAH per hectare.
Vanilla Cultivation in Southern Florida
Vanilla extract is famous all throughout the planet as a fixing in frozen yogurt and different pastries. The herbal wellspring of vanilla concentrate is essentially the restored beans of Vanilla planifolia. The United States is the world’s biggest merchant of vanilla beans, yet homegrown creation is negligible. Southern Florida has a positive developing climate for vanilla development.
Madagascar drives the world in vanilla production, with Indonesia, Uganda, India, Comoros, Mexico, and different nations altogether adding to worldwide creation. The United States is the biggest merchant of vanilla beans that are additionally prepared into vanilla extract.
The extract from its beans is presently generally utilized in frozen yogurt, prepared merchandise, chocolate, beauty care products, and numerous different items.
Vertical Column Vanilla Cultivation
More intensive cultivation under concealing designs can build yields. This framework requires more introductory venture for foundation yet takes into consideration expanded the planting thickness and yield potential. Lattice emotionally supportive networks change enormously.
However, are by and large made of vertical wood or substantial backings with a wire running between them. Supports fluctuate in stature yet are generally close to 2 m (6 ft.) tall to work with fertilization once plants mature. The post and wire framework takes into consideration more noteworthy authority over plant separating contrasted with guide trees. Plants should be kept up with on 15-20 cm (6-8 in) of a mulch substrate.
The plant is essentially propagated by cuttings. Allow slice destinations to recuperate preceding planting by leaving new cuttings at room temperature under low light for 1-2 days. Any remaining elements being equivalent, the more extended the cutting, the more rapidly the plant will set up and start to bloom. Cuttings that are 30 cm (12 in.) long will, by and large, require 3-4 years to blossom, while meter-long cuttings should bloom in 2-3 years.
Cuttings can be put directly on top of the development substrate (mulch from different sources) when the cut locales have been mended. Moistening will assist plants with holding leaves and backing the fast advancement of new roots and shoots. The apical finish of longer cuttings can be attached to a helpful post with just the distal 1-2 hubs in touch with the substrate. Leaves ought to be eliminated from hubs that are in touch with the developing substrate.
Vanilla planifolia plants are accessible from a couple of organizations. Tissue-culture plants are alluring as spotless wellspring of beginning material yet will require 3-4 years to develop and blossom.
Tissue-culture plants got in encased compartments should be solidified in the soilless blend under moistness arches and splendid circuitous light for half a month to months before they can make due in a climate with lower dampness and free-streaming air. Ordinary light moistening will build the endurance of youthful tissue-culture plants.
The plants require trellising to boost creation. Two significant creation strategies are utilized. One employments guide trees to give both shade and a reasonable design on which the plants can climb. Guide trees can be chosen dependent on toughness in a given area, accessibility, and co-development contemplations.
This kind of development can be more affordable in certain spaces and furthermore normally decreases the danger of plant demise by Fusarium by expanding the distance between plants. Cultivators in southern Florida ought to consider vanilla as an optional harvest on existing natural product trees.
Spacing and Planting
An estimated 1,000 plants per acre is often used for establishing commercial vanilla. Spacing recommendations are to plant vines 1 to 3 meters (3-10 ft) apart with 2.5-3 meters (8-10 ft) between rows.
Also read: Vertical Saffron Farming | Hydroponic Saffron Cultivation
Intensifying Black Pepper Farming | Vertical Column Black Pepper Cultivation
Watch: Why Vanilla Is So Expensive?
Most frequent questions and answers
Prices are now hovering in the range of $400-450, amidst rising demand for natural vanilla worldwide. One can earn 6 thousand dollars of a meter, $60 million/ha, or 1.5 billion UAH per ha.
It takes 9 full months for the seed pods to mature enough to harvest and every pod matures at a different rate.
Yes, in India vanilla cultivation is gaining in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamilnadu since early 1990s.
Pit size 30cm for standards and for planting of plant cuttings. Place 2 nodes of cuttings of 60 to 120 cm below the soil surface.